It should be noted that not all categories of persons are allowed to claim the right to political participation. This part however highlights certain steps a person is required to take before exercising and enjoying political rights in Nigeria’s electoral process.
As a voter in elections:
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As a candidate contesting for any elective public office:
Such as: the age of 35 years for the office of President; 35 for the office of Governor; 35 for Senate, 25 years for House of Representative and 25 for members of House of Assembly of each state in Nigeria representatively. For the Local Council elections, the respective state Electoral Laws defines the age.
Every voter will be asked to present a voter’s card before exercising his/her voting right. To be an eligible voter at election, these are the things to do:
Note: it is only Independent National Electoral Commission that is allowed to issue a valid voter card to eligible voters.
In this regard, the Commission will ensure all the information you provided are safe and make an announcement of a date for the collection of voters’ cards before the Election Day.
To know more about this, visit HERE.
At this stage where the Commission had successfully registered you as a voter in an election, but a voters’ card is not given to you, then you will not be allowed to participate in the election. However, these are steps you would have to take in order to collect the voters’ card.
To recollect a missing voters’ card, you must follow the steps below in order to participate at election:
Note: On the voters’ card that will be given to you, DUPLICATE will be written on it for easy identification.
No. It is worthy of note that every person who intends to participate in the process of an election is permitted to have only one valid voters’ card. However, where it is established that a voter possesses more than one valid voter’s card, this will be seen as an offence and such voter will either pay a fine or will be imprisoned if convicted by the court.
To qualify under this category, you must have been registered as a voter and change a location different from where you originally registered.
First, you would have to make an application informing the INEC’s Resident Electoral Commissioner of the State you reside on the change of location. This must be done at least 60 days before the Election Day.
Secondly, the Commissioner in charge will look into the application and ensure your participation at election. To achieve this, necessary information such as, a copy of your voter’s card and other relevant evidence that indicate the change of location would be needed.
Thirdly, an Electoral officer having received instruction from the INEC’s Resident Electoral Commissioner of the State will then ensure your voters’ card is transferred to the constituency of your choice and issue a new voters’ card to you.
Note: INEC stands for Independent National Electoral Commission.
To know more about this, visit HERE.
This part highlights certain requirements that a political association must fulfil before it is registered as a political party by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in a way that can canvass votes for candidates and sponsor candidates at elections. In Nigeria, it is only the Commission that has the power to register political parties where the association complies with the procedures for registration. Here are the procedures that must be followed:
After you have met all that are stated above, here is how to go about the registration: Note importantly that “Commission” as mentioned below means the Independent National Electoral Commission.
It is clear that every citizen of Nigeria has the constitutional right to form a political party. Where such an application for registration of a political party is denied, the affected citizen(s) may take certain steps to seek legal redress:
It should be noted that no political party can be registered successfully by the Commission if its membership is not free to all adult citizens of Nigeria. That is, no citizen of Nigeria who intends to be part of the party and have followed the guidelines laid down by the party will be denied membership. However, when this happens, here are what to do:
Note: If the Commission makes a decision that is not pleased with you, you have right to approach a competent court of law.
Yes. It is clear that no one can be prevented from enjoying his/her voting right on the basis of physical disability. There are procedures in place to facilitate the exercise of this right. They are:
Above all, the Commission is required to make adequate provisions for every category of persons to participate at election.