Right to political participation



Political participation usually, refers to the activities and actions taken by citizens, to influence the outcome of political issues at national, regional, or local levels in his/her country or community. In so doing, they are able to claim and protect their rights and influence the political and social structures around them. The right to political participation is recognized and contained in various international and local instruments, and it is key for a functioning democracy.


Scope of the guide

What is the scope of the guide?

This guide is specific to the right to political participation in Nigeria with references to international and regional standards and national laws. The right to political participation is broad and covers different dimensions and forms of political participation. This guide will focus on the right to political participation with respect to electoral process participation which can be classified as formal political participation. To better understand the right to political participation as it relates to electoral participation, this guide will:

  • Explain the basics of the right to political participation and help to identify this  right
  • Establish what constitutes violation of the right
  • Steps to take to enforce the rights when violated
  • Alternative mechanisms for enforcement and promotion of the rights
  • Remedies for the violation of the rights
  • The role played by various agencies in enforcing and protecting this right
  • How to form a political party

It is important to understand that the laws in Nigeria change over time. While this guide provides you with practical steps of enforcing your rights, it is not legal advice and it is important for you to seek and get legal advice from a lawyer or support organisation if you need specific advice.



This guide was put together by a team of Lawyers, CSO Experts, and Law Students (NJEF Fellows) in partnership with NULAI and Action 4 Justice.

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