For police bail:
For court bail:
When you apply for bail and it is denied by a court, you can appeal against such decision in a higher court.
For instance, if you make a bail application in the Federal High Court and it is denied, you can appeal to the Court of Appeal. If your appeal is successful, the appellate court will set aside the decision of the lower court and your bail will be granted.
If bail is denied on appeal, you will have to stay in detention, which must still be lawful and meet the requirements explored in the sections on detention.
There are factors that courts have to take into consideration in bail applications. These conditions determine whether bail will be granted or denied:
1. In the instance of bail pending trial, the court determines the following conditions before your bail is granted or denied:
It is important to note that all factors listed above need to be present before your bail application is granted or denied. A court may refuse your bail application if one of the factors are proven against you.
A real-life case:The court in Dantata v Inspector General of Police refused to grant the applicant’s bail application because he had earlier offered a bribe to the police as an inducement to facilitate the disappearance of incriminating evidence against him.
2. In the instance of bail pending appeal, there are exceptional circumstances that have to be proven before bail can be granted or refused.
A real-life case: Fawehinmi v. State (1990) 1 NWLR (Pt. 127) 486 – it was held that bail can be granted if the accused person needs to be on regular medical observation requiring the use of special equipment which are not available in the prison clinic and which are not easily movable.
In the event that a bail granted to an accused person is withdrawn or cancelled, the bail is said to have been revoked.
Bail may be revoked if an accused person jumps bail or violates one or more conditions of the bail term.
An accused is said to jump bail where he/she fails to attend court on any date fixed in the bail agreement. Once the bail is revoked, the accused will be re-arrested.