An arrest is the act of apprehending and taking of a person into custody, usually because the person is suspected to have committed a crime or observed committing a crime. Whether or not the arrest is lawful, when the seizure is done, an arrest has been made.
There are procedures around how to carry out an arrest. Those arrest procedures have to respect your rights and there are options to challenge the violation of your rights in case they are not respected during arrest.
Legal action can be a way of holding the police accountable for unfair arrests or stop and searches by police.
This means that:
Where any of the above is not respected legal action could be taken.
This guide aims to give you an overview of your rights and what options you have to enforce them in relation to arrest procedures in Nigeria.
This guide may be of use to everyone who seeks:
It is important to understand that the laws in Nigeria change over time. While this guide provides you with practical steps of enforcing your rights, it is not legal advice and it is important for you to seek and get legal advice from a lawyer or support organisation if you need specific advice.
This guide was put together by a team of Lawyers, CSO Experts, and Law Students (NJEF Fellows) in partnership with NULAI and Action4Justice.